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Magnesium Chloride Anhydrous

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Magnesium chloride is the name for the chemical compounds with the formulas MgCl2 and its various hydrates MgCl2(H2O)x. These salts are typical ionic halides, being highly soluble in water.

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Magnesium chloride
Magnesium chloride.jpg
Magnesium-chloride-3D-polyhedra.png
Identifiers
CAS number7786-30-3 Yes
7791-18-6 (hexahydrate)
PubChem24584
ChemSpider22987 Yes
ChEBICHEBI:6636 Yes
ChEMBLCHEMBL1200547 
RTECS numberOM2975000
ATC codeA12CC01,B05XA11
Jmol-3D imagesImage 1
Properties
Molecular formulaMgCl2
Molar mass95.211 g/mol (anhydrous)
203.31 g/mol (hexahydrate)
Appearancewhite or colourless crystalline solid
Density2.32 g/cm3 (anhydrous)
1.569 g/cm3 (hexahydrate)
Melting point714 °C (1,317 °F; 987 K) 117 °C (243 °F; 390 K) (hexahydrate)
on rapid heating: slow heating leads to decomposition from 300 °C (572 °F; 573 K)
Boiling point1,412 °C (2,574 °F; 1,685 K)
Solubility in wateranhydrous
54.3 g/100 ml (20 °C)
72.6 g/100 mL (100 °C)
hexahydrate
167 g/100 mL (20 °C)
Solubility inethanol7.4 g/100 mL (30 °C)
Refractive index(nD)1.675 (anhydrous)
1.569 (hexahydrate)
Structure
Crystal structureCdCl2
Coordination
geometry
(octahedral, 6-coordinate)
Hazards
MSDSICSC 0764
EU IndexNot listed
R-phrasesR36R37R38
S-phrasesS26S37S39
Main hazardsIrritant
NFPA 704
Flash pointNon-flammable
LD502800 mg/kg (oral, rat)
Related compounds
Other anionsMagnesium fluoride
Magnesium bromide
Magnesium iodide
Other cationsBeryllium chloride
Calcium chloride
Strontium chloride
Barium chloride
Radium chloride
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)

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Magnesium Chloride Anhydrous

Magnesium Chloride Anhydrous

Magnesium chloride is the name for the chemical compounds with the formulas MgCl2 and its various hydrates MgCl2(H2O)x. These salts are typical ionic halides, being highly soluble in water.

Write a review